Do you have a burning question about acne?
It’s likely someone else has this question too.
That’s why we’ve asked a few of Australia’s leading skin doctors to answer some of the most common questions about acne and bust the myths and misinformation that you might’ve heard.
Even though we’ve done our best to give you these factual, evidence-based answers, it’s a good idea to talk to your GP or dermatologist if you have a specific concern about your skin.
Acne is a medical condition. So even if you have mild acne it’s a good idea to see a medical professional such as a GP or a pharmacist. They’re in the best position to guide you through the various treatment options and products to ensure you have a therapy that is best suited to your acne and your needs.
Yes. Acne treatments containing benzoyl peroxide (e.g. Benzac, Brevoxyl), salicylic acid (e.g. Neutrogena Acne Wash) and alpha hydroxy acids (e.g. some Neutrogena or Neostrata products) are effective in controlling mild acne. Remember to treat skin gently as too much scrubbing can further irritate and inflame the skin. Severe cases of acne need different treatments so you’ll need to see a GP or dermatologist for help with this.
Depending on the medication, you may experience some minor irritation or dryness. In most cases, this will go away as your skin becomes used to the treatment. If it doesn’t, see your GP or pharmacist. A non-comedogenic moisturiser (one that won’t clog your pores) may be helpful in managing any dryness that may occur.
Absolutely. Expensive does not mean effective. Look for products with salicylic acid in face washes. A cleanser with a light moisturising action is usually all that is necessary. Silicones are good ingredients to look for in light moisturising gels and lotions. Moisturisers for those with facial acne should normally be light.
You need to give it at least 6-8 weeks before deciding on whether or not it has helped your acne.
Each medication works differently and therefore your doctor is the best person to tell you what to expect. They will also monitor your progress. It’s important to follow the medication’s instructions carefully and finish each course. It’s not uncommon for acne to get worse when you start a new medication so don’t give up. You should expect some improvement within 8-12 weeks.
Zinc, tea tree oil and Vitamin A can have benefits for people with mild acne. Just be careful when using natural products as there is a huge variation between different products containing similar ‘natural ingredients’. Poorly made natural therapies can cause allergies and/or irritation. If you’re planning to become pregnant, avoid taking high dose vitamin A.
Using toothpaste will dry and irritate the skin. There are much more effective products available to improve your acne. Invest in a gentle cleanser (soap free and pH balanced). Avoid cleansers with significant ‘emollient’ or moisturising’ properties if you have oily skin.
Unfortunately, no. The process of controlling acne takes time, even for mild acne. See your GP and he or she will recommend the most appropriate treatment. The GP may also refer you to a dermatologist.
Specific combinations of hormones in some oral contraceptives can help some women with their acne while other hormonal contraceptives such as the progestogen only ‘pills’; particularly depot injections (e.g. Depot Provera) can make acne worse. Some low dose pills (e.g. Loette) may improve acne and have a lower rate of adverse effects compared to older pills used for acne. Many factors influence the choice of pill and this should be discussed with your doctor.
The treatment for these areas is the same as for facial acne. For mild acne on these areas, dermatologists will often have an alcohol-based lotion containing salicylic acid made up for the upper body, which proves more economical for treating larger areas. Sometimes your doctor may prescribe a topical antibiotic.
Studies have shown acne can cause poor self-image, low self-esteem, lack of confidence, anxiety and depression. It seems the worse the acne, the worse the consequences. Effective treatment of acne can turn this around and reduce emotional and psychological symptoms. Even mild acne can have a major
A good starting point is right here – www.acne.org.au – which provides general information about acne. As the site does not provide any personal medical advice it is important to see a doctor, who may then refer you to a dermatologist.
Every person is different and therefore a visit to the doctor should be organised if acne is causing a person distress; affecting their enjoyment of life. Apart form the physical discomfort and risk of disfigurement with scarring from severe acne, there is also an emotional price to pay for not intervening early. Acne can undermine confidence, batter self-esteem and cause anxiety and depression if left untreated.
The evidence continues to show there is no proven link between isotretinoin (e.g. Roaccutane, Oratane) and depression or suicide. However there have been a rare number of cases of idiosyncratic reactions to the medication leading to depression and suicide. Acne alone has a proven link to depression and some people with acne will also be taking isotretinoin as it is the most effective treatment for severe acne. It’s important to monitor anyone with acne, especially the more severe forms, for depression. The good news is that effective control of severe cystic acne with isotretinoin is more likely to improve well-being than cause depression.
It’s unlikely you have done any harm but stop both these treatments and see your doctor for advice. The tetracycline antibiotics can affect growing teeth and bones if taken later on in pregnancy and should be stopped. All retinoid or vitamin A creams should be stopped if pregnant or planning pregnancy. The antibiotic, erythromycin, is one of the more common acne treatments to be used during pregnancy.
Yes, absolutely. All brands of oral isotretinoin have the potential to cause birth defects. Therefore it is vital that you are not pregnant or plan to become pregnant at any stage of the treatment, which includes one full reproductive cycle after ceasing the treatment. High doses of vitamin A also carry the risk of birth defects. Many doctors advise two forms of reliable contraception to minimise any chance of falling pregnant while on oral isotretinoin.
It’s amazing there are still so many myths about acne. It seems the more information, the more confusion, which can feel really frustrating.
Take our quiz to get your zit mythbusting score and check your acne facts.